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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Jun 27;306(2):590-7.

Characterization of Drosophila nitric oxide synthase: a biochemical study.

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Department of Biochemistry, University College of Sciences, Calcutta University, 35 Ballygunge Circular Road, Kolkata, West Bengal 700 019, India.


The heme and flavin-binding domains of Drosophila nitric oxide synthase (DNOS) were expressed in Escherichia coli using the expression vector pCW. The denatured molecular mass of the expressed protein was 152kDa along with a proteolytically cleaved product of 121kDa. The DNOS heme protein exhibited very low Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent NO synthase activity. The trypsin digestion patterns were different from nNOS. The full-length DNOS protein had high degree of stability against trypsin. The activity assay of trypsin-digested protein confirmed the same result. Urea dissociation profile of DNOS full-length protein showed that the reductase domain activity was much more susceptible towards urea than the oxygenase domain activity. Urea gradient gel of DNOS full-length protein established distinct transition of dissociation and unfolding in the range 3-4M urea. Reductase domain activity of full-length DNOS protein against external electron acceptors like cytochrome c indicated slow electron transfer from FMN. The bacterial expression of DNOS full-length protein represents an important development in structure-function studies of this enzyme and comparison with other mammalian NOS enzymes which is evolutionary significant.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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