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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Jun 27;306(2):469-75.

Increased thioredoxin-1 inhibits SSAT expression in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells.

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Arizona Cancer Center, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724-5024, USA.


Spermidine/spermine N(1)-acetyltransferase (SSAT) regulates polyamine catabolism. Thioredoxin-1 (Trx-1) is a redox protein that is overexpressed in human cancer leading to increased cell proliferation, decreased apoptosis, and decreased patient survival. We report that SSAT mRNA expression is decreased in Trx-1 transfected MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. There is also a decrease in SSAT enzyme activity and lower putrescine levels but no change in spermine or spermidine levels. The expression of SSAT is regulated by the NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf-2) and polyamine modulated factor-1 (PMF-1) transcription factor complex. Trx-1 transfected MCF-7 cells showed decreased Nrf-2/PMF-1 DNA binding without a change in Nrf-2 or PMF-1 protein expression. The results suggest that Trx-1 may play a role in the redox regulation of SSAT expression and polyamine homeostasis that could contribute to the biological effects of Trx-1.

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