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J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2003 Spring;13(1):53-63.

Atomoxetine pharmacokinetics in children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Author information

1
Eli Lilly and Company, Lilly Research Laboratories, Corporate Center, Indianapolis, IN 46285, USA. jwitcher@lilly.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Atomoxetine is indicated for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children, adolescents, and adults. This study was conducted, in part, to evaluate the single-dose and steady-state pharmacokinetics of atomoxetine in pediatric patients.

METHODS:

This was an open-label, dose-titration study in pediatric patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Eligible patients could elect to participate in a single-dose or steady-state discontinuation pharmacokinetic evaluation including serial plasma sample collection over 24 hours. Plasma concentrations of atomoxetine, 4-hydroxyatomoxetine, and N-desmethylatomoxetine were determined using an atmospheric pressure chemical ionization liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry assay. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using noncompartmental analysis.

RESULTS:

Twenty-one cytochrome P450 2D6 extensive metabolizer patients participated in these single-dose and steady-state pharmacokinetic evaluations. Atomoxetine was rapidly absorbed, with peak plasma concentrations occurring 1 to 2 hours after dosing. Half-life averaged 3.12 and 3.28 hours after a single dose and at steady state, respectively. Minimal accumulation occurred in plasma after multiple twice-daily dosing in extensive metabolizer pediatric patients, as expected based on single-dose pharmacokinetics. As the dose (in mg/kg) increased, proportional increases in area under the curve were observed.

CONCLUSIONS:

The pharmacokinetics of atomoxetine in extensive metabolizer patients were well characterized over a wide range of doses in this study. Atomoxetine pharmacokinetics in pediatric patients and adult subjects were similar after adjustment for body weight.

PMID:
12804126
DOI:
10.1089/104454603321666199
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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