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J Mol Biol. 1992 Nov 5;228(1):277-97.

New algorithm to model protein-protein recognition based on surface complementarity. Applications to antibody-antigen docking.

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  • 1Biomolecular Modelling Laboratory, Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, U.K.


A novel algorithm is presented which models protein-protein interactions using surface complementarity. The method is applied to antibody-antigen docking. A steric scoring scheme, based upon a soft potential, is used to assess complementarity, and a simple electrostatic model is then used to remove infeasible interactions. The soft potential allows for structural changes that occur during docking. Biochemical knowledge is necessary to reduce the number of docking orientations produced by the method to a manageable size. The information used includes the known epitope residues and a single loose distance constraint. The method is applied to all three crystallographically determined antibody-lysozyme complexes, HyHEL-10, D1.3 and HyHEL-5. For the first time, a predicted antibody structure (that of D1.3) is used as a docking target. In the four systems modelled, the method identifies between 15 and 40 possible docking orientations. The root-mean-square (r.m.s.) deviation between these orientations and the relevant crystallographic complex is measured in the interface region. For all four complexes an orientation is found with r.m.s. deviation in the range 1.9 A and 4.8 A. The algorithm is implemented on a single instruction/multiple datastream (SI/MD) architecture computer. The use of a parallel architecture computer ensures detailed coverage of the search space, whilst still maintaining a search time of two days.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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