Send to

Choose Destination
J Med Chem. 1992 Nov 13;35(23):4434-41.

Synthesis, absolute configuration, stereoselectivity, and receptor selectivity of (alpha R, beta S)-alpha,beta-dimethylhistamine, a novel high potent histamine H3 receptor agonist.

Author information

Institute of Pharmacy, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany.


Depending on the selected synthetic pathway, structural variations of the neurotransmitter histamine led to mixtures of alpha,beta-dimethylhistamines as well as to the corresponding pure optical isomers. One of these isomers, namely (alpha R,beta S)-alpha,beta-dimethylhistamine, proved to be a highly potent H3 receptor agonist with exceptional receptor selectivity. The absolute configuration of the compound was determined by X-ray structure analysis of its dihydrobromide using the anomalous dispersion of bromine. The optical purity of both enantiomers of erythro-alpha,beta-dimethylhistamine was checked by 1HNMR investigations after acylation of the amines with (R)-2-methoxy-2-phenylacetyl chloride. As expected H3 receptors distinguish in a very strong way between the title compound and its alpha S,beta R-configured enantiomer. The agonistic potency of the latter is 2 orders of magnitude lower than the potency of (alpha R,beta S)-alpha,beta-dimethylhistamine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center