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Environ Mol Mutagen. 2003;41(5):332-8.

Analysis of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine 5'-monophosphate (8-OH-dGMP) as a reliable marker of cellular oxidative DNA damage after gamma-irradiation.

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Department of Environmental Oncology, Institute of Industrial Ecological Sciences, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan.


In order to improve 8-hydroxyguanine (8-OH-Gua) detection in DNA, we digested isolated DNA with nuclease P1 and analyzed for 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine 5'-monophosphate (8-OH-dGMP) using a high-performance liquid chromatography system equipped with an electrochemical detector (HPLC-ECD). The amount of 8-OH-Gua in the DNA was expressed as the ratio of 8-OH-dGMP to deoxycytidine monophosphate (dCMP). Using this analysis, the background level of 8-OH-Gua in DNA from human lung carcinoma cells (A549) was several-fold lower than that obtained by a previous method. A549 cells were exposed to 20-60 Gy of gamma-radiation and an increase in 8-OH-Gua concentration was observed with increasing gamma-ray dose (0.3 residues per 10(7) dCMP per Gy). Moreover, by an immunohistochemical procedure using a commercial FITC-kit, 8-OH-Gua was clearly detected in A549 cells and the fluorescence intensity of cells with oxidative DNA damage increased with the doses of gamma-irradiation. Using an endonuclease nicking assay, we also found that gamma-rays decreased 8-OH-Gua repair activity. The results indicate that 8-OH-dGMP is a useful and sensitive marker for estimating oxidative damage in DNA.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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