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Mol Biol Cell. 2003 May;14(5):2005-15. Epub 2003 Feb 21.

Cyclin D1 governs adhesion and motility of macrophages.

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Division of Hormone-dependent Tumor Biology, The Albert Einstein Comprehensive Cancer Center, Bronx, New York 10461, USA.


The cyclin D1 gene encodes the regulatory subunit of a holoenzyme that phosphorylates and inactivates the retinoblastoma protein, thereby promoting cell-cycle progression. Cyclin D1 is overexpressed in hematopoetic and epithelial malignancies correlating with poor prognosis and metastasis in several cancer types. Because tumor-associated macrophages have been shown to enhance malignant progression and metastasis, and cyclin D1-deficient mice are resistant to oncogene-induced malignancies, we investigated the function of cyclin D1-/- bone marrow-derived macrophages. Cyclin D1 deficiency increased focal complex formation at the site of substratum contact, and enhanced macrophage adhesion, yielding a flattened, circular morphology with reduced membrane ruffles. Migration in response to wounding, cytokine-mediated chemotaxis, and transendothelial cell migration of cyclin D1-/- bone marrow-derived macrophages were all substantially reduced. Thus, apart from proliferative and possible motility defects in the tumor cells themselves, the reduced motility and invasiveness of cyclin D1-/- tumor-associated macrophages may contribute to the tumor resistance of these mice.

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