Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Jun 24;100(13):7749-54. Epub 2003 Jun 11.

T-bet is required for optimal production of IFN-gamma and antigen-specific T cell activation by dendritic cells.

Author information

  • 1Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115-6017, USA.


IFN-gamma is well known as the signature cytokine of CD4+ T helper 1, CD8+, and natural killer cells, but recent studies demonstrate that antigen-presenting cells, in particular dendritic cells (DCs), are another potent source for this proinflammatory cytokine. T-bet, a transcription factor that controls IFN-gamma expression in CD4+ T cells, was reported recently to be expressed in human monocytes and myeloid DCs. In this study we investigate the role of T-bet in this important cell type. The development, differentiation, and activation of bone marrow and splenic DCs were unimpaired in mice lacking T-bet. However, T-bet was essential for the optimal production of IFN-gamma by both CD8alpha+ and CD8alpha- DCs. T-bet-deficient DCs were significantly impaired in their capacity to secrete IFN-gamma after both stimulation with IL-12 alone or in combination with IL-18. Further, T-bet-/- DCs were impaired in their ability to activate the T helper 1 program of adoptively transferred antigen-specific T cells in vivo. The rapid up-regulation of T-bet by IFN-gamma in DCs coupled with a function for DC-derived IFN-gamma in T cell activation may constitute a positive feedback loop to maximize type 1 immunity.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk