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Bone Marrow Transplant. 2003 Jun;31(12):1089-95.

Reduced intensity conditioning for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with acute myeloid leukemia: disease status by marrow blasts is the strongest prognostic factor.

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Klinik und Poliklinik für Innere Medizin II, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Germany.


We analyzed predictive factors for the outcome of 113 acute myeloid leukemia patients receiving reduced-intensity conditioning prior to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Patients were ineligible for conventional-intensity HSCT. Conditioning consisted of fludarabine and 50% of the conventional dose of busulfan (n=93) or total body irradiation (n=20). The source of stem cells was blood in 102 patients, marrow in 10, and both in one. In total, 50 (44.2%) donors were HLA-matched siblings, 50 (44.2%) unrelated fully matched and 13 (11.5%) partially mismatched family (n=1) or unrelated (n=12) donors. In all, 107 (94.6%) patients showed neutrophil and platelet engraftment after a median time of 13.5 and 13 days. The probabilities of event-free survival (EFS) (median follow-up: 12 months) were 49% for patients with less than 5% blasts in the marrow, 24% for patients with 5-20% blasts (P=0.002) and 14% with >20% blasts (P<or=0.001). Death occurred because of relapse in 29 patients (25.6%), infection in 12 patients (10.6%), acute graft-versus-host disease in eight patients (7.0%) and organ toxicity in nine patients (7.9%). In multivariate analysis, higher number of blasts in the marrow, alternative donors and low Karnofsky performance score were independent adverse prognostic factors for EFS.

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