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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1992 Nov 1;89(21):10144-8.

Identification of a previously unknown human collagen chain, alpha 1(XV), characterized by extensive interruptions in the triple-helical region.

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Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104-6059.


A previously unknown collagen cDNA clone, PF19, was isolated from a human placenta library. The 2.1-kilobase insert has a complete open reading frame of 709 amino acids that includes 12 amino acids of the NH2-terminal domain, a principally collagenous region of 577 residues, and 120 residues of the noncollagenous COOH terminus. The collagenous part of the sequence encoded by PF19 is characterized by 13 interruptions ranging in size from 2 to 45 amino acids. Within four interruptions are consensus sequences for attachment of serine-linked glycosaminoglycans and asparagine-linked oligosaccharides suggesting that this collagen may be extensively glycosylated. A synthetic decapeptide representing a sequence at the beginning of the COOH-terminal noncollagenous domain was used to prepare an antibody in rabbits. This antiserum detected a 125-kDa bacterial collagenase-sensitive protein in Western blots of HeLa cell lysate. Consistent with the size of the collagen chain, Northern blot hybridization revealed a major transcript of 5.3 kilobases and two minor ones of 4.7 and 4.4 kilobases that are present in cultured human fibroblasts but absent from umbilical vein endothelial cells. We propose that the previously unidentified polypeptide described in this report be designated the alpha 1 chain of type XV collagen.

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