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J Biol Chem. 2003 Aug 15;278(33):30725-31. Epub 2003 Jun 9.

Two waves of platelet secretion induced by thromboxane A2 receptor and a critical role for phosphoinositide 3-kinases.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA.


Thromboxane A2 (TXA2)-mediated platelet secretion and aggregation are important in thrombosis. Here, we present a novel finding that the stable TXA2 analogue, U46619, induces two waves of platelet secretion, each of which precedes a distinct wave of platelet aggregation. ADP released from platelets during the first wave of secretion played a major role in augmenting the first wave of platelet aggregation. The second wave of platelet secretion and aggregation required the first wave of both ADP secretion and aggregation and were blocked by either the integrin inhibitor RGDS or a P2Y12 receptor antagonist, indicating a requirement for both the integrin outside-in signal and ADP-activated Gi pathway. U46619 stimulated phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-dependent phosphorylation of Akt, which was augmented by ADP but did not require integrin outside-in signaling. Platelets from PI3Kgamma knock-out mice or PI3K inhibitor-treated platelets showed an impaired second wave of platelet secretion and aggregation. However, the second wave of platelet aggregation was restored by addition of exogenous ADP to PI3Kgamma deficient or PI3K inhibitor-treated platelets. Thus, our data indicate that PI3K, together with the integrin outside-in signaling, play a central role in inducing the second wave of platelet secretion, which leads to the second wave of irreversible platelet aggregation.

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