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J Consult Clin Psychol. 2003 Jun;71(3):465-81.

Relations of positive and negative affectivity to anxiety and depression in children: evidence from a latent variable longitudinal study.

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Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee 32306-1270, USA.


The tripartite model of anxiety and depression has been studied with adults; however, support is still emerging with children concerning measurement and relations between positive (PA) and negative (NA) affect and psychopathology. In this longitudinal study of 270 4th- to 11th-grade children (mean age = 12.9 years, SD = 2.23). confirmatory factor analysis supported a 2-factor orthogonal model of children's self-reported affect and revealed that the concurrent relations of NA and PA to anxiety and depression symptoms were consistent with the tripartite model. Structural equation modeling demonstrated moderate cross-time stability of trait PA and NA, consistent with a temperament view of these factors, as well as partial support for the role of NA and PA in the development of anxiety and depression symptoms in children.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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