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The kallikrein-kinin and the renin-angiotensin systems have a multilayered interaction.

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The Univ. of Michigan, 5301 MSRB III, 1150 West Medical Center Dr., Ann Arbor, MI 48109-0640, USA.


Understanding the physiological role of the plasma kallikrein-kinin system (KKS) has been hampered by not knowing how the proteins of this proteolytic system, when assembled in the intravascular compartment, become activated under physiological conditions. Recent studies indicate that the enzyme prolylcarboxypeptidase, an ANG II inactivating enzyme, is a prekallikrein activator. The ability of prolylcarboxypeptidase to act in the KKS and the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) indicates a novel interaction between these two systems. This interaction, along with the roles of angiotensin converting enzyme, cross talk between bradykinin and angiotensin-(1-7) action, and the opposite effects of activation of the ANG II receptors 1 and 2 support a hypothesis that the plasma KKS counterbalances the RAS. This review examines the interaction and cross talk between these two protein systems. This analysis suggests that there is a multilayered interaction between these two systems that are important for a wide array of physiological functions.

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