Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2001 Oct;2(4):340-5.

Cerebral hypoxemia-ischemia and reoxygenation with 21% or 100% oxygen in newborn piglets: effects on extracellular levels of excitatory amino acids and microcirculation.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatric Research, The National Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether reoxygenation with 21% oxygen is preferable to 100% oxygen in normalizing extracellular levels of excitatory amino acids in the brains of hypoxic-ischemic newborn piglets and to compare this model of combined hypoxemia-ischemia to a previously used model of global hypoxemia.

DESIGN:

Prospective, randomized animal study.

SETTING:

Surgical research laboratory.

SUBJECTS:

Twenty-four anesthetized piglets, 1-3 days old.

INTERVENTIONS:

Hypoxemia-ischemia was achieved by normoventilation with 8% oxygen and temporary occlusion of the common carotid arteries. After 20 mins, reoxygenation-reperfusion was started with 21% oxygen (HI 21% group, n = 12) or 100% oxygen (HI 100% group, n = 12) for 30 mins followed by 21% oxygen. All piglets were observed for 2 hrs.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

We measured extracellular concentrations of amino acids in striatum and hypoxanthine in cerebral cortex (microdialysis), microcirculation in cerebral cortex (laser Doppler), plasma hypoxanthine, and mean arterial pressure. During the 2-hr reoxygenation-reperfusion period, levels of amino acids were significantly higher in the HI 21% group compared with the HI 100% group (glutamate, p = 0.02; aspartate, p = 0.03). Mean arterial pressure was significantly lower in the HI 21% group (p = 0.04). Microcirculation decreased to <10% of baseline during hypoxemia-ischemia and normalized during reoxygenation-reperfusion in the HI 100% group, but it remained at a significantly lower level in the HI 21% group (p = 0.03).

CONCLUSIONS:

Significantly higher levels of excitatory amino acids in striatum, significantly lower mean arterial pressure, and a significantly greater degree of hypoperfusion in cerebral cortex were found after reoxygenation with 21% oxygen compared with 100% oxygen in normocapnic, hypoxemic-ischemic newborn piglets. This suggests a less favorable outcome in the group receiving room air.

PMID:
12793938

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer
Loading ...
Support Center