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Oncol Rep. 2003 Jul-Aug;10(4):827-31.

Prognostic significance of p27/kip1 and apoptosis in patients with colorectal carcinoma.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery II, Oita Medical University, 1-1 Idaigaoka, Hasama-machi, Oita 879-5593, Japan. tnoguc@oita-med.ac.jp

Abstract

The protein p27/kip1 is a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor that regulates cell-cycle progression. In the present study, p27/kip1 expression as well as tumor cell proliferation and apoptosis were investigated in 80 colorectal carcinomas, using anti-p27/kip1 antibodies, in situ apoptosis detection kits and anti-PCNA antibodies. Immunohistochemical staining indicated that p27/kip1 was localized heterogeneously in the nuclei of cancer cells. The frequency of samples positive for p27/kip1 was 53.8% (43/80). There was no significant correlation between p27/kip1 status and clinicopathologic factors. Mean apoptotic index (AI) in p27/kip1-positive patients (3.22+/-1.65) was significantly higher than in p27/kip1-negative patients (2.46+/-1.44; p=0.033). No correlation was observed between p27/kip1 expression and the PCNA labeling index (PCNA-LI) (p=0.47). Overall survival was significantly longer for patients who were p27/kip1-positive (80.7%) compared to those who were negative (49.3%; p=0.0003). Univariate analysis revealed no significant differences between prognosis and AI or PCNA-LI. In multivariate analysis, p27/kip1 expression was found to be an independent prognostic marker (p=0.015). In conclusion, the present study shows that p27/kip1 is a potentially important prognostic and predictive marker for outcome in colorectal carcinoma. These results might be explained by the role of p27/kip1 in promoting apoptosis.

PMID:
12792730
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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