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Nutr Cancer. 2003;45(1):46-52.

Effects of commonly consumed fruit juices and carbohydrates on redox status and anticancer biomarkers in female rats.

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Institute of Food Safety and Nutrition, Division of Biochemical Toxicology, The Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Morkhoj Bygade 19, 2860 Soborg, Denmark.


Administration of apple juice, black currant juice, or a 1:1 combination of the two juices significantly decreased the level of the lipid peroxidation biomarker malondialdehyde in plasma of female rats, whereas the protein oxidation biomarker 2-amino-adipic semialdehyde, was significantly increased following administration of orange juice, black currant juice, or the 1:1 combination of apple and black currant juice. A significant increase in 2-amino-adipic semialdehyde was also observed in control rats given sucrose, fructose, and glucose in the drinking water at concentrations approximating the average carbohydrate levels in the employed fruit juices. None of the fruit juices were found to affect the activities of antioxidant enzymes in red blood cells or hepatic glutathione S-transferase. Hepatic quinone reductase activity, on the other hand, was significantly increased by grapefruit juice, apple juice, and black currant juice. The total daily intake of a selected subset of flavonoid aglycones ranged from 0.2 to 4.3 mg, and quercetin was found to be a minor constituent of all the juices investigated. In a parallel study, rats were fed quercetin at doses ranging from 0.001 to 10 g/kg of diet. However, no effects were observed on hepatic glutathione S-transferase or quinone reductase activities, plasma redox status, or the activity of red blood cell antioxidant enzymes. Overall, the results of the present study suggest that commonly consumed fruit juices can alter lipid and protein oxidation biomarkers in the blood as well as hepatic quinone reductase activity, and that quercetin may not be the major active principle. The observation that natural carbohydrates are capable of mediating oxidative stress in vivo warrants further studies due to the central role refined and unrefined carbohydrates play in human nutrition.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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