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Colorectal Dis. 2002 Nov;4(6):450-4.

The contemporary management of haemorrhoids.

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Department of Surgery, Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, UK.



New concepts in the management of haemorrhoidal disease have recently rekindled interest in this common pathology. General and subspecialist colorectal surgeons were surveyed to assess their impact on the current management of haemorrhoids.


A questionnaire was sent to all members of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland (ACPGBI) and the Association of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland (ASGBI). Regarding indications for surgery, surgical techniques, day case haemorrhoidectomy (DCH) and postoperative treatment regimens. ASGBI members were asked to state their subspecialist interest and estimated time devoted to colorectal practice.


There were 406 (71%) ACPGBI respondents and 483 (68%) ASGBI respondents. Eighty-four (12%) ASGBI respondents performed no elective colorectal surgery. One hundred and ninety-nine (35%) of ACPGBI respondents saw between 6 and 10 new haemorrhoid patients per week whereas three hundred (42%) of ASGBI respondents saw between 1 and 5 per week. Non-operative management included routine advice on fluid and diet by the majority of surgeons, with banding carried out in 79% (ACPGBI) and 75% (ASGBI) and injection sclerotherapy in 61% (ACPGBI) and 56% (ASGBI). The Milligan Morgan haemorrhoidectomy was performed in 265 (46%; ACPGBI) and 336 (47%; ASGBI). ACPGBI members used Submucosal diathermy (148, 26%vs 67, 9%; ASGBI (P < 0.01; chi2 test with Yates correction)) and stapled anoplasty (61, 11%vs 14, 2%; ASGBI (P < 0.01; chi2 test with Yates correction)) more often. DCH was performed in 117 (20%; ACPGBI) and in 48 (7%; ASGBI)(P < 0.01; chi2 test with Yates correction).


In this sample of surgeons, operative management varies according to specialist interest. There was a trend towards day case haemorrhoidectomy. Whilst more surgeons have accepted the use of postoperative techniques to reduce pain, only a small minority have, as yet, adopted new surgical techniques such as stapling.


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