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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Jun;88(6):2501-7.

Two homozygous mutations in the 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 gene in a case of apparent mineralocorticoid excess.

Author information

1
Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, 114-D Santiago, Chile.

Abstract

The human microsomal 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11 beta HSD2) metabolizes active cortisol into cortisone and protects the mineralocorticoid receptor from glucocorticoid occupancy. In a congenital deficiency of 11 beta-HSD2, the protective mechanism fails and cortisol gains inappropriate access to mineralocorticoid receptor, resulting in low-renin hypertension and hypokalemia. In the present study, we describe the clinical and molecular genetic characterization of a patient with a new mutation in the HSD11B2 gene. This is a 4-yr-old male with arterial hypertension. The plasma renin activity and serum aldosterone were undetectable in the presence of a high cortisol to cortisone ratio. PCR amplification and sequence analysis of HSD11B2 gene showed the homozygous mutation in exon 4 Asp223Asn (GAC-->AAC) and a single nucleotide substitution C-->T in intron 3. Using site-directed mutagenesis, we generated a mutant 11 beta HSD2 cDNA containing the Asp223Asn mutation. Wild-type and mutant cDNA was transfected into Chinese hamster ovary cells and enzymatic activities were measured using radiolabeled cortisol and thin-layer chromatography. The mRNA and 11 beta HSD2 protein were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. Wild-type and mutant 11 beta HSD2 protein was expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells, but the mutant enzyme had only 6% of wild-type activity. In silico 3D modeling showed that Asp223Asn changed the enzyme's surface electrostatic potential affecting the cofactor and substrate enzyme-binding capacity. The single substitution C-->T in intron 3 (IVS3 + 14 C-->T) have been previously reported that alters the normal splicing of pre-mRNA, given a nonfunctional protein. These findings may determine the full inactivation of this enzyme, explaining the biochemical profile and the early onset of hypertension seen in this patient.

PMID:
12788846
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2002-021909
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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