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Br J Pharmacol. 2003 Jun;139(3):605-15.

Effects of G-protein-specific antibodies and G beta gamma subunits on the muscarinic receptor-operated cation current in guinea-pig ileal smooth muscle cells.

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Laboratory of Pharmacology, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Gifu University, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu 501-1193, Japan.


(1) The effects on the whole-cell carbachol-induced muscarinic cationic current (mIcat) of antibodies against the alpha-subunits of various G proteins, as well as the effect of a Gbetagamma subunit, were studied in single guinea-pig ileal smooth muscle cells voltage-clamped at -50 mV. Ionized intracellular calcium concentration, [Ca(2+)](i), was clamped at 100 nM using a 1,2-bis(2-aminophenoxyl-ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid)/Ca(2+) mixture. (2) Application of ascending concentrations of carbachol (1-300 micro M) activated mIcat (mean amplitude 0.83 nA at 300 micro M carbachol; EC(50) 8 micro M; Hill slope 1.0). A 20 min or longer intracellular application via the pipette solution of G(i3)/G(o) or G(o) antibodies resulted in about a 70% depression of the maximum response without change in the EC(50) value. In contrast, antibodies against alpha-subunits of G(i1), G(i1)/G(i2), G(i3), G(q)/G(11) or G(s) protein over a similar or longer period did not significantly reduce mIcat. Antibodies to common Gbeta or infusion of the Gbetagamma subunit itself had no effect on mIcat. (3) If cells were exposed briefly to carbachol (50 or 100 micro M) at early times (<3 min) after infusion of antibodies to Galpha(i3)/Galpha(o) or to Galpha(o) had begun, carbachol responses remained unchanged even after 20-60 min; that is, the depression of mIcat by these antibodies was prevented. (4) These data show that Galpha(o) protein couples the muscarinic receptor to the cationic channel in guinea-pig ileal longitudinal smooth muscle and that Gbetagamma is not involved. They also show that prior activation of the muscarinic receptor presumably causes a long-lasting postactivation change of the G protein, which is not reflected in mIcat, but acts to hinder antibody binding.

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