Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin Psychol Rev. 2003 Jul;23(4):605-37.

The relation between depression and anxiety: an evaluation of the tripartite, approach-withdrawal and valence-arousal models.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, SUNY Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY 11794-2500, USA. Stewart.Shankman@sunysb.edu

Abstract

Epidemiological studies have consistently reported that depressive and anxiety disorders co-occur frequently. This paper reviews the evidence for three models that have been proposed to explain the relation between these two conditions-the tripartite, the approach-withdrawal, and valence-arousal models. Specifically, we focus on predictions that the three models generate for cross-sectional studies, prospective and family/twin studies of personality, and EEG studies. In sum, no model was strongly supported across all types of studies, though specific aspects of each model were. Because of the heterogeneity of depression and anxiety disorders, a model with 2-4 factors or dimensions may not be sufficient to explain the relation between the two conditions.

PMID:
12788112
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center