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Neuropathol Appl Neurobiol. 2003 Jun;29(3):254-61.

Comparative genomic hybridization and pathological findings in atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumour of the central nervous system.

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1
Academic Unit of Pathology, University of Sheffield, Medical School, Sheffield, UK. s.wharton@shef.ac.uk

Abstract

The atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumour (AT/RT) is an uncommon tumour of the central nervous system in children, characterized by the presence of a rhabdoid cell component associated with variable combinations of primitive neuroectodermal tumour, mesenchymal and epithelial differentiation. Immunohistochemistry reveals a complex pattern of antigen expression and cytogenetic studies have demonstrated losses from chromosome 22. We have performed comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) on paraffin-embedded material from three cases of AT/RT. Two cases showed losses from chromosome 22 associated with other chromosome imbalances including losses from 1p in both cases. The third case demonstrated a loss from 8p as the sole abnormality. While monosomy or deletion from chromosome 22 is a useful diagnostic marker for AT/RT, it is not present in all cases. The variation in cytogenetic patterns reported for this tumour type raises the possibility that different genetic pathways may underlie this tumour phenotype and warrants the further definition of the cytogenetic spectrum for this rare tumour.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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