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J Neurochem. 2003 Jun;85(6):1539-46.

Cystatin C colocalizes with amyloid-beta and coimmunoprecipitates with amyloid-beta precursor protein in sporadic inclusion-body myositis muscles.

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1
USC Neuromuscular Center, Department of Neurology, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Good Samaritan Hospital, Los Angeles, California 90017-1912, USA.

Abstract

Cystatin C (CC), an endogenous cysteine protease inhibitor, is accumulated within amyloid-beta (A beta) amyloid deposits in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain and was proposed to play a role in the AD pathogenesis. Because the chemo-morphologic muscle phenotype of sporadic inclusion-body myositis (s-IBM) has several similarities with the phenotype of AD brain, including abnormal accumulation of A beta deposits, we studied expression and localization of CC in muscle biopsies of 10 s-IBM, and 16 disease- and five normal-control muscle biopsies. Physical interaction of CC with amyloid-beta precursor protein (A beta PP) was studied by a combined immunoprecipitation/immunoblotting technique in the s-IBM muscle biopsies and in A beta PP-overexpressing cultured human muscle fibers. In all s-IBM muscle biopsies, CC-immunoreactivity either colocalized with, or was adjacent to, the A beta-immunoreactive inclusions in 80-90% of the vacuolated muscle fibers, mostly in non-vacuolated regions of their cytoplasm. Ultrastructurally, CC immunoreactivity-colocalized with A beta on 6-10 nm amyloid-like fibrils and floccular material. By immunoblotting, CC expression was strongly increased in IBM muscle as compared to the controls. By immunoprecipitation/immunoblotting experiments, CC coimmunoprecipitated with A beta PP, both in s-IBM muscle and in A beta PP-overexpressing cultured normal human muscle fibers. Our studies (i) demonstrate for the first time that CC physically associates with A beta PP, and (ii) suggest that CC may play a novel role in the s-IBM pathogenesis, possibly by influencing A beta PP processing and A beta deposition.

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