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Semin Pediatr Neurol. 2003 Mar;10(1):52-61.

Childhood dystonia.

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1
Department of Neurology, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52246, USA.

Abstract

Childhood dystonias are a heterogeneous group of disorders with strong inherited basis. This review describes the clinical characteristics, classification, genetic basis, pathophysiology, biochemistry, pathology, and treatment of dystonias, including the primary dystonias, the dystonia-plus syndromes, secondary dystonias, and heredodegenerative disorders. Conditions discussed in detail include idiopathic torsion dystonia, dopa-responsive dystonia, Wilson's disease, myoclonus dystonia, rapid-onset dystonia parkinsonism, neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome), mitochondrial dystonias, Niemann-Pick type C, and neuroacanthocytosis.

PMID:
12785748
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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