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Theor Appl Genet. 2003 Aug;107(4):745-50. Epub 2003 May 29.

Assignment of molecular linkage groups to soybean chromosomes by primary trisomics.

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Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois, 1102 South Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.


Gene-linkage groups (classical linkage groups, CLGs; molecular linkage groups, MLGs) and chromosome relationship in soybean [ Glycine max (L.) Merr., 2n = 40] is not yet established. However, primary trisomics provide an invaluable cytogenetic tool to associate genes and linkage groups to specific chromosomes. We have assigned 11 MLGs to soybean chromosomes by using primary trisomics (2 x + 1 = 41) and SSR markers. Primary trisomics were hybridized with Glycine soja Sieb. and Zucc. (2n = 40) in the greenhouse, F(1) plants with 2n = 40 and 41 were identified cytologically and 41 chromosome plants were selfed. A deviation from the 1:2:1 ratio in the F(2) population suggests a marker is associated with a chromosome. Of the possible 220 combinations involving 20 MLGs and 11 primary trisomics, 151 combinations were examined. The relationships between soybean chromosomes and MLGs are: 1 = D1a+q, 3 = N, 5 = A1, 8 = A2, 9 = K, 13 = F, 14 = C1, 17 = D2, 18 = G, 19 = L and 20 = I. This study sets the stage to establish relationship between nine remaining MLGs with the other genetically unidentified nine primary trisomics. The association of CLGs with the soybean chromosomes will be discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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