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Burns. 2003 Jun;29(4):369-74.

"Amnion Bank"--the use of long term glycerol preserved amniotic membranes in the management of superficial and superficial partial thickness burns.

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Department of Plastic Surgery, Army Hospital (Research and Referral), Delhi Cantt., 110010, New Delhi, India.


With about 2 million cases of burns in India of which about 90% are superficial and superficial partial thickness burns, burn injuries present a major challenge to the scarce medical resources available. The main requirement in treating these burns is an economical, easy to apply, readily available dressing that will provide good pain relief, protect the wound from infection, promote healing, prevent heat and fluid loss, be elastic and non-antigenic and adhere well to the wound. It was in the quest of such an ideal dressing that the Burn Centre of the Army Hospital (Research and Referral) New Delhi, India has been using human amniotic membranes preserved long term in 85% glycerol for treating these wounds. The results of this quest have resulted in a protocol where these long term glycerol preserved membranes (some of which have now been preserved for about 2.5 years) are used for treating superficial and superficial thickness burns presenting at our center. This paper shows the excellent results obtained with the use of this extremely economical dressing and emphasizes the importance of establishing such "Amnion Banks" in all hospitals especially in developing countries.

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