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Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 2003 Jun;143(2):125-32.

THY1 expression is associated with tumor suppression of human ovarian cancer.

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  • 1Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY, USA.


Microcell-mediated transfer of chromosome 11 into the human ovarian cancer cell line SKOV-3 results in suppression of tumorigenicity in severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mice. To identify the differentially expressed transcripts associated with suppression of tumorigenicity, cDNA populations from the slow-growing tumorigenic clone 11(H)8-3, tumorigenic clone 11(H)8-4, and parental SKOV-3 cells were subtracted from the nontumorigenic clones, 11(H)7-2 and 11(C)9-8. The subtracted cDNA populations were either cloned, sequenced and searched in GenBank, or analyzed by gene discovery array screening. A cDNA transcript corresponding to the THY1 gene located at chromosome 11q23 approximately q24 was found to be exclusively expressed in the two nontumorigenic cell clones. In contrast, THY1 expression was not detected in SKOV-3, the tumorigenic hybrid clones, or six other tumorigenic ovarian cancer cell lines. Further analysis using immunocytochemistry and quantitative flow cytometry with a Thy-1-specific antibody confirmed the exclusive expression of THY1 at the protein level in the two nontumorigenic clones. Several cell growth and differentiation-related genes, including thrombospondin 1 (THBS1), SPARC [secreted protein, acidic, cysteine-rich (osteonectin)], and fibronectin (FN1) were also found to be upregulated in the nontumorigenic clones; however, these were expressed in the slow-growing tumorigenic clones as well. Expression of these genes was not observed in the parental SKOV-3 cell line and therefore must be regulated by a gene or genes on chromosome 11. Our results suggest that THY1 is a putative tumor suppressor gene for ovarian cancer and that THBS1, SPARC, and FN1 are genes associated with the regulation of in vivo tumor growth rate.

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