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Acta Trop. 2003 Jun;87(1):71-8.

Imaging findings in neurocysticercosis.

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1
Department of Transmissible Diseases, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Neurologicas, Jr. Ancash 1271, Barrios Altos, Lima 1, Peru. hgarcia@terra.com.pe

Abstract

The diagnosis of neurocysticercosis was greatly improved by the introduction of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These techniques demonstrate the number and topography of lesions, their stage of involution, and the degree of inflammatory reaction of the host against the parasites and have largely replaced previous radiological procedures such as plain roentgenograms, pneumoencephalograms, cerebral angiography and myelography. In general, MRI provides better image detection and definition. The possibility of multiplanar reconstruction of images, its capability to visualize the posterior fossa without bone artifacts, and its high contrast resolution (far superior to that of CT) allow MRI to recognize many forms of cysticercosis not visualized on CT. However, the costs of MRI are high and the equipment is scarcely available in many endemic countries, and its sensitivity for the detection of calcified lesions is poor. CT remains the best screening neuroimaging procedure for patients with suspected neurocysticercosis, and MRI is the imaging modality of choice for the evaluation of patients with intraventricular cysticercosis, brainstem cysts and small cysts located over the convexity of cerebral hemispheres. Its better image definition also suggests that MRI is superior to CT in the follow-up of the patients after therapy.

PMID:
12781380
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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