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Waste Manag. 2003;23(4):339-44.

Water leaching of titanium from ore flotation residue.

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Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Chemical and Process Engineering, ul Warynskiego 1, 00-645 Warsaw, Poland.


Copper ore tailings were tested for the stability of titanium submitted to water leaching in three different reactor systems (agitated vessel, bioreactor and percolated fixed-bed column). For each of these systems, titanium extraction did not exceed 1% of the available metal. Biomass removed from ore residue adsorbed a small part of the titanium with sorption capacities below 20-30 mg g(-1), but most of this biomass was sequestered in the ore residue. Oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations were monitored and changes in concentration correlated with bacteria development at the initial stage of the process and to fungal development in the latter stages.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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