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Cephalalgia. 2003 Jun;23(5):381-8.

Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of migraine and tension type headache in 1146 females in Kayseri, Turkey.

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Headache Centre, Department of Neurology, University of Erciyes, Kayseri, Turkey.


In a female population of Turkey (1146 adult females), some epidemiological and clinical characteristics of migraine and tension type headache and their subtypes were investigated. The relation of the headache severity to clinical characteristics were inquired. Migraine prevalence was found to be statistically higher in the 35-44 years age group (P < 0.01) and those who were university graduates (P < 0.001), married (P < 0.01) and living in urban areas (P < 0.01). Tension type headache was found to be higher in the 45-64 years age group (P < 0.05). Chronic tension type headache patients were found to be older than episodic type (P < 0.01) and frequently were in the lowest education level (P < 0.05). Presence of impact on daily activities because of the severity of headache was found to be related to aggravation by physical activities (P = 0.001) in tension type headache, with no clinical characteristics in migraine headache and on consideration of all headache patients with throbbing nature (P < 0.05), aggravation on physical activities (P = 0.001), nausea (P < 0.01), vomiting (P < 0.05) and phonophobia (P < 0.05).

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