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Clin Exp Dermatol. 2003 May;28(3):294-300.

Selenium protects primary human keratinocytes from apoptosis induced by exposure to ultraviolet radiation.

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1
Department of Dermatology, University of Edinburgh, Scotland.

Abstract

The generation of reactive oxygen species has been implicated in ultraviolet radiation (UVR)-induced skin damage. In mice, increasing dietary selenium intake protects skin from UVR-induced DNA damage and photocarcinogenesis. We sought to determine whether selenium supplementation could protect keratinocytes from apoptosis resulting from exposure to broadband (TL20W/12) UVR. Unirradiated cultures contained 6.5 +/- 1% apoptotic cells; the maximum percentage of apoptotic cells (34 +/- 5%) was seen 16 h after UVR of 600 J/m(2). Under these conditions cell death from necrosis was 15 +/- 2.5% of the total cells. A 24-h preincubation with sodium selenite (10 nm(-1) microm) or selenomethionine (50 nm(-1) microm) protected cultured human keratinocytes from UVR-induced apoptosis. In primary keratinocytes the greatest reduction in apoptosis was found with 100 nm of either selenium compound (71% reduction in the numbers of total apoptotic cells; P < 0.01). Supplementation with 100-200 nm selenite or selenomethionine prevented UVR-induced apoptosis, but did not decrease the levels of UVR-induced p53, as measured by Western blotting. Collectively, this data suggests that selenium prevents UVR-induced cell death by inhibiting p53-independent cell death pathways.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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