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Eur J Immunol. 2003 Jun;33(6):1603-12.

B cell apoptosis accelerates the onset of murine lupus.

Author information

1
Laboratoire d'Immunologie, Hôpital et Faculté de Médecine Cochin, AP-HP, Université Paris V, France.

Abstract

To investigate whether the increased rate of lymphocyte apoptosis in systemic lupus erythematosus is involved in the onset of the disease, apoptotic or necrotic T or B lymphocytes from various cell lines were injected intraperitoneally into pre-autoimmune (NZBxNZW)F1 mice (BW) and non-autoimmune BALB/c mice. The intraperitoneal production of cytokines and chemokines, the specific T cell response in the spleen, and the production of anti-histone and anti-dsDNA Ab were investigated. The onset of the disease was characterized by creatinine levels and evaluation of glomerular IgG deposits. In BW, but not in BALB/c mice, injection of apoptotic and not necrotic cells up-regulated IL-6 and IL-10 in resident macrophages. Administration of apoptotic cells augmented the number of Th2 and B lymphocytes recruited in the peritoneal cavity. Only the treatment with apoptotic B cells promoted a systemic Th2 autoimmune response to H2 histones, associated with earlier occurrence of high levels of anti-dsDNA autoantibodies, higher creatinine levels and more numerous glomerular IgG deposits than in BW controls not injected with apoptotic B cells. In genetically susceptible mice exposure to apoptotic of B, but not T, lymphocytes can elicit a Th2 response to H2 histones that helps B cell production of anti-dsDNA Ab and finally triggers the onset of lupus.

PMID:
12778478
DOI:
10.1002/eji.200323665
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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