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Health Soc Work. 2003 May;28(2):146-56.

Group interventions with low-income African American women recovering from chemical dependency.

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  • 1College of Nursing, Wayne State University, 5557 Cass Avenue, Detroit, MI 48202, USA.


This article presents findings from an investigation of two group therapy modalities involving 93 women who were generally single, with dependent children and limited education and income levels. The article presents an overview of intervention activities that participants found beneficial. Although the group interventions warrant additional rigorous evaluations, these programs helped participants develop a sense of community, reduce stress, identify and minimize gaps between current circumstances and potential positive outcomes, and improve self-efficacy and the ability to think positively.

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