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Glycobiology. 2003 Sep;13(9):623-34. Epub 2003 May 28.

Binding of the CC-chemokine RANTES to syndecan-1 and syndecan-4 expressed on HeLa cells.

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Laboratoire de Biologie Cellulaire, Biothérapies Bénéfices et Risques, UPRES 3410, UFR-SMBH, Université Paris XIII, 74, rue Marcel Cachin, 93017, Bobigny, France.


It is believed that proteoglycans influence biological properties of chemokines. We show that the CC chemokine RANTES binds not only to high-affinity binding sites on CCR5-positive HeLa cells but also to low-affinity binding sites on HeLa cells expressing or lacking RANTES G protein-coupled receptors. Coimmunoprecipitation studies demonstrate that RANTES forms complexes with glycanated syndecan (SD)-1 and -4, in addition to CCR5 on the CCR5-positive HeLa cells. Moreover, confocal microscopy analysis shows the colocalization of RANTES with SD-1 and -4. Glycosaminoglycans removal from the cells by glycosaminidases treatment prevented RANTES binding to SD-1 and -4 and decreased RANTES binding to CCR5 on the CCR5-positive HeLa cells. Removal of glycosaminoglycans by glycosaminidases treatment of the complexes, RANTES/SD-1/SD-4/+/-CCR5, immobilized on beads, reversed SD-1 and -4 bindings. Therefore, RANTES bindings to SD-1 and -4 depend on glycosaminoglycans and facilitate RANTES interaction with CCR5. Extracting plasma membrane cholesterol abolished the coimmunoprecipitation of SD-1 with RANTES, suggesting that rafts are involved in RANTES association to SD-1. Confocal microscopy analysis as well as coimmunoprecipitation experiments show a RANTES-independent heteromeric complex on the CCR5-positive HeLa cells, SD-1, SD-4, and CCR5. This complex is likely a functional unit in which proteoglycans may modulate RANTES binding to CCR5.

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