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J Med Chem. 2003 Jun 5;46(12):2376-96.

Synthesis and structure-activity relationship of N-substituted 4-arylsulfonylpiperidine-4-hydroxamic acids as novel, orally active matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors for the treatment of osteoarthritis.

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Wyeth Research, 401 N. Middletown Road, Pearl River, New York 10965, USA.


The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of zinc-containing endopeptidases that play a key role in both physiological and pathological tissue degradation. In our preceding paper, we have reported on a series of novel and orally active N-hydroxy-alpha-phenylsulfonylacetamide derivatives. However, these compounds had two drawbacks (moderate selectivity and chirality issues). To circumvent these two problems, a series of novel and orally active N-substituted 4-benzenesulfonylpiperidine-4-carboxylic acid hydroxyamide derivatives have been synthesized. The present paper deals with the synthesis and SAR of these compounds. Among the several compounds synthesized, derivative 55 turned out to be a potent, selective, and an orally active MMP inhibitor in the clinically relevant advanced rabbit osteoarthritis model. Detailed pharmacokinetics and metabolism data are described.

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