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J Anim Sci. 2003 May;81(5):1185-92.

Amino acid sequences of multiple fast and slow troponin T isoforms expressed in adult bovine skeletal muscles.

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Department of Animal Products, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0901, Japan.


Multiple nucleotide sequences of complementary DNA (cDNA) of bovine troponin T (TnT) isoforms expressed in the adult skeletal muscles were determined to facilitate the elucidation of the TnT degradation progress during postmortem aging of muscles. Fresh muscle samples were excised from the lingual, masseter, pectoralis, diaphragm, psoas major, longissimus thoracis, spinnalis, semitendinosus, semimembranosus, and biceps femoris muscles of three Holstein cows within 1 h of slaughter. Complementary DNA fragments of fast and slow TnT isoforms expressed in each muscle were amplified by reverse-transcribed PCR. Consequently, four major fragments of fast TnT and two fragments of slow TnT, all of which contained the complete coding region, were obtained. The sequence determination of these fragments revealed that at least eight and two isoforms were generated by the alternative splicing from bovine fast and slow TnT messenger RNA, respectively. In the fast TnT isoforms, five small variable exons were observed; three of these five exons were in the amino (N)-terminal region. The calculated molecular weight of fast and slow TnT isoforms ranged from 29,816 to 32,125 and from 30,166 to 31,284, respectively. The deduced amino acid sequences revealed that the N-terminal region of all the TnT isoforms was extremely glutamic acid-rich. Reverse-transcribed PCR analysis revealed that expression of each of these isoforms was distributed in a fast or slow muscle-specific manner. Given that TnT degradation has been reported to accompany a decrease in glutamic acid content in the conventional 30-kDa degradation product, the sequence data suggested that the 30-kDa fragment seem to be generated by the proteolytic removal of the glutamic acid-rich N-terminal ends. The multiplicity of TnT isoforms may result in a complicated pattern of TnT degradation on SDS-PAGE gel during beef aging.

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