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Biophys J. 2003 Jun;84(6):4011-22.

Isolation of bright aggregate fluctuations in a multipopulation image correlation spectroscopy system using intensity subtraction.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, Chemistry Building, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 5B7, Canada.

Abstract

Image correlation spectroscopy allows sensitive measurement of the spatial distribution and aggregation state of fluorescent membrane macro molecules. When studying a single population system (i.e., aggregates of similar brightness), an accurate measure can be made of the aggregate number per observation area, but this measurement becomes much more complex in a distributed population system (i.e., bright and faint aggregates). This article describes an alternate solution that involves extraction of the bright aggregate population information. This novel development for image correlation spectroscopy, termed intensity subtraction analysis, uses sequential uniform intensity subtraction from raw confocal images. Sequential intensity subtraction results in loss of faint aggregate fluctuations that are smaller in magnitude than fluctuations due to the brightest aggregates. The resulting image has correlatable fluctuations originating from only the brightest population, permitting quantification of this population's distribution and further cross-correlation measurements. The feasibility of this technique is demonstrated using fluorescent microsphere images and biological samples. The technique is further used to examine the spatial distribution of a plasma-membrane-labeled fluorescent synthetic ganglioside, and to cross-correlate this probe with various membrane markers. The evidence provided demonstrates that bright aggregates of the fluorescent ganglioside are associated with clathrin-coated pits, membrane microvilli, and detergent-resistant membranes.

PMID:
12770905
PMCID:
PMC1302981
DOI:
10.1016/S0006-3495(03)75127-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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