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J Insect Physiol. 2000 Apr;46(4):519-525.

Effects of tissue extracts on oviduct contraction in the migratory grasshopper, Melanoplus sanguinipes.

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  • 1Department of Biology, University of Saskatchewan, 112 Science Place, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5E2, Canada


The isolated oviduct of the migratory grasshopper, Melanoplus sanguinipes, shows a myogenic, rhythmic pattern of contraction. The pattern of contraction can be modified by treatment with hemolymph or extracts from a variety of tissues from animals of differing age, sex, and mated status. Extracts of oviducts and ventral nerve cord (VNC), as well as hemolymph, from both virgin and mated females were almost always stimulating, though their effect on frequency, amplitude and/or tonus varied. In contrast, whereas extracts of spermatheca and brain from mated females were stimulating, extracts of these tissues from virgin females inhibited contraction. All male material tested (long hyaline tubules (LHT), the male accessory gland complex less the LHT, testes, brain, VNC and hemolymph) stimulated oviduct contraction in a dose-dependent manner, usually enhancing at least two of frequency, amplitude and tonus. However, oviposition-stimulating protein, a purified product of the LHT, provoked only an increase in frequency when applied to the oviduct. LHT extract modulated the effects of virgin female tissue extracts, always in a stimulatory manner.

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