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J Insect Physiol. 1997 Apr;43(4):393-405.

Comparing Different Measures of Heat Resistance in Selected Lines of Drosophila melanogaster.

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School of Genetics and Human Variation, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria 3083, Australia


Lines of the fly Drosophila melanogaster were selected for increased knockdown resistance to heat (39 degrees C) in a long tube. One set of lines was selected following prior heat hardening (1 h at 37 degrees C) and another without hardening. Each set consisted of three replicate selection lines and three unselected controls. Lines were tested for correlated responses to selection, in order to define the nature of knockdown resistance. Selection had a large effect on knockdown resistance, but selected lines did not differ from controls for knockdown time in small vials, survival, or recovery time following exposure to heat. Selection with and without hardening influenced the hardening response in the long tube, but not in small vial assays of resistance. The hardened selection lines had decreased resistance to ethanol and a reduced dry weight, whereas the non-hardened lines did not show these changes. The same correlated responses were also evident in two generation experiments on unselected flies. Both sets of lines showed a reduction in activity when tested at 37 degrees C, but not at 25 degrees C. These results indicate that different measures of heat resistance are surprisingly unrelated, and suggest that subtle features of the selective environment influence responses and correlated responses to selection.

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