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Mol Cell. 2003 May;11(5):1397-404.

Drosophila sex-lethal inhibits the stable association of the 40S ribosomal subunit with msl-2 mRNA.

Author information

1
European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Gene Expression Programme, Meyerhofstrasse 1, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.

Abstract

The inhibition of male-specific lethal-2 (msl-2) mRNA translation in female flies is essential for X chromosome dosage compensation in Drosophila melanogaster. Translational repression of msl-2 requires sex-lethal (SXL) binding to uridine-rich sequences in both the 5' and 3' untranslated regions (UTRs) of the message. We delineate the msl-2 mRNA sequence elements that are important for regulation by SXL and identify functionally critical sequences adjacent to regulatory SXL binding sites. We demonstrate that SXL inhibits translation initiation and prevents the stable association of the 40S ribosomal subunit with the mRNA in a manner that does not require the presence of a cap structure at the 5' end of the mRNA. These results elucidate a critical regulatory step for dosage compensation in Drosophila melanogaster.

PMID:
12769862
DOI:
10.1016/s1097-2765(03)00176-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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