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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Jun 13;305(4):964-9.

Odorant response assays for a heterologously expressed olfactory receptor.

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Department of Integrated Biosciences, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 277-8562, Chiba, Japan


Odorant responsiveness of a mouse olfactory receptor, mOR-EG, was investigated in various heterologous cells using a variety of detection methods. Odorant-induced Ca(2+) response was observed in HEK293 cells that coexpressed mOR-EG and the promiscuous G protein, G alpha 15. Without G alpha 15, a robust increase in cAMP level was observed upon odorant-stimulation in various mammalian cells. A luciferase reporter gene assay using zif268 promoter was adopted to amplify the cAMP signals. In Xenopus laevis oocytes, odorant-stimulated currents were recorded when mOR-EG cRNA was co-injected with either G alpha 15 or cAMP-dependent channel. These results suggest that odorant responsiveness can be monitored via a signaling pathway mediated by endogenous G alphas or transfected G alpha 15 in heterologous cell systems. Various functional assays for a heterologously expressed olfactory receptor reported in this study, are potentially useful for high-throughput ligand screening and functional analyses of hundreds of olfactory receptors.

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