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Biochimie. 2003 May;85(5):527-34.

Enzyme kinetic characterization of protein tyrosine phosphatases.

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Department of Chemistry, Center for Biomembrane Physics (MEMPHYS), Technical University of Denmark, Building 206, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark.


Protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) play a central role in cellular signaling processes, resulting in an increased interest in modulating the activities of PTPs. We therefore decided to undertake a detailed enzyme kinetic evaluation of various transmembrane and cytosolic PTPs (PTPalpha, PTPbeta, PTPepsilon, CD45, LAR, PTP1B and SHP-1), using pNPP as substrate. Most noticeable is the increase in the turnover number for PTPbeta with increasing pH and the weak pH-dependence of the turnover number of CD45. The kinetic data for PTPalpha-D1 and PTPalpha-D1D2 suggest that D2 affects the catalysis of pNPP. PTPepsilon and the closely homologous PTPalpha behave differently. The K(m) data were lower for PTPepsilon than those for PTPalpha, while the inverse was observed for the catalytic efficiencies.

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