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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Jun 6;305(3):719-28.

Ozone-induced disruptions of lung transcriptomes.

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Center for Comparative Respiratory and Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA.


We have analyzed changes in approximately 4000 lung mRNAs, with GeneChips, in mice exposed to 1 ppm O(3) for three consecutive nights (8 h per night). Differential gene expression analysis identified approximately 260 O(3) sensitive genes; approximately 80% of these were repressed and approximately 20% were induced in O(3)-exposed mice compared to the air-exposed controls. A 20-fold induction of serum amyloid A3 mRNA by O(3) suggested activation of NF-kappaB and CCAAT/enhancer binding protein-mediated pathways by inflammatory cytokines. Induction (up to 14-fold) of 12 genes that increase DNA synthesis and cell cycle progression, and increase (approximately 7-fold) in CD44 mRNA and macrophage metalloelastase suggested a state of O(3)-induced hyperplasia and lung remodeling. Several mRNAs encoding enzymes of xenobiotic metabolism and cytoskeletal functions were repressed and may suggest cytokine mediated suppression of cytochrome P450 expression and cachexia-like inflammatory state in ozone-exposed lungs. The expressions of approximately 30 genes of immune response were also repressed. Collectively this genome-wide analysis of lungs identified ozone-induced disruption of gene transcriptional profile indicative of increased cellular proliferation under suppressed immune surveillance and xenobiotic metabolism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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