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J Pers. 2003 Jun;71(3):369-96.

A motivational analysis of defensive pessimism and self-handicapping.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical and Social Sciences in Psychology, University of Rochester, NY 14627, USA. andye@scp.rochester.edu

Abstract

Two studies examined motivational influences on and correlates of defensive pessimism and self-handicapping and investigated the relationship between these two cognitive strategies and performance attainment. The findings indicated that defensive pessimism and self-handicapping have similar motivational profiles, with the primary difference being that self-handicapping represents the absence of approach motivation in the achievement domain, as well as the presence of avoidance motivation. Self-handicapping, but not defensive pessimism, was shown to undermine performance-attainment, and performance-avoidance goals were validated as mediators of this negative relationship. Issues regarding the functional nature of the two cognitive strategies are discussed.

PMID:
12762420
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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