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Cell Tissue Res. 2003 Jun;312(3):345-51. Epub 2003 May 22.

The divergent expression of periostin mRNA in the periodontal ligament during experimental tooth movement.

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Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Tokushima, 3-18-15 Kuramoto-cho, Tokushima 770-8504, Japan.


A novel 90-kDa protein named periostin, which is preferentially expressed in the periosteum and the periodontal ligament (PDL), may play a role in bone metabolism and remodeling. However, the precise role of periostin in the PDL remains unclear. Therefore, we examined the expression of periostin mRNA during experimental tooth movement. Experimental tooth movement was achieved in 7-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats. In control specimens without tooth movement, the expression of periostin mRNA was uniformly observed in the PDL surrounding the mesial and distal roots of the upper molars and was weak in the PDL of the root furcation area. The periostin mRNA-expressing cells were mainly fibroblastic cells in the PDL and osteoblastic cells on the alveolar bone surfaces. The divergent expression of periostin mRNA in the PDL began to be observed at 3 h and continued up to 96 h after tooth movement. The maximum changes, which showed stronger staining in the pressure sites than in the tension sites, were observed at 24 h. The expression of periostin mRNA in the PDL 168 h after tooth movement exhibited a similar distribution to that of the control specimens. These results suggest that periostin is one of the local contributing factors in bone and periodontal tissue remodeling following mechanical stress during experimental tooth movement.

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