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Infect Immun. 2003 Jun;71(6):3357-60.

Helicobacter pylori infection induces interleukin-8 receptor expression in the human gastric epithelium.

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Microbiology and Tumor Biology Center, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.


The gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori is known to activate multiple proinflammatory signaling pathways in epithelial cells. In this study, we addressed the question of whether expression of the interleukin-8 receptors IL-8RA (CXCR1) and IL-8RB (CXCR2) is upregulated in H. pylori-infected human gastric biopsy samples. Biopsy samples from patients infected with H. pylori strains harboring the cag pathogenicity island (PAI) expressed larger amounts of both receptors. In addition, IL-8RB expression was induced in the gastric epithelial cell line AGS upon infection with a clinical isolate containing the cag PAI, while a strain lacking the cag PAI did not. Our finding suggests that gastric epithelial cells express IL-8R in response to H. pylori infection.

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