Send to

Choose Destination
Curr Infect Dis Rep. 2003 Jun;5(3):220-226.

Microbiology and Treatment of Halitosis.

Author information

University of Michigan School of Dentistry, 1011 N. University, Ann Arbor MI, 48109, USA.


The many thousands of individuals who experience oral malodor that stems from the overgrowth of proteolytic, anaerobic bacteria on their tongue surfaces can be successfully treated by a regimen that includes tongue brushing and tooth brushing, often in combination with a mouthrinse containing an antibacterial agent. Several candidate mouthrinses containing essential oils (Listerine; Warner-Lambert, Morris Plains, NJ), ZnCl(2), chlorine dioxide, or an oil:water-cetylpyridium chloride mouthrinse have reduced the organoleptic scores of individuals with moderate levels of oral malodor in the absence of tongue brushing. Very little long-term data beyond 6 weeks of use are available.


Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center