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Dev Psychol. 2003 May;39(3):470-83.

Interpersonal relatedness, self-definition, and their motivational orientation during adolescence: a theoretical and empirical integration.

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Department of Psychiatry and the Yale Program for Poverty, Disability, and Urban Health, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA.


The authors examined a theoretical model linking interpersonal relatedness and self-definition (S.J. Blatt, 1974), autonomous and controlled regulation (E. L. Deci & R. M. Ryan, 1985), and negative and positive life events in adolescence (N = 860). They hypothesized that motivational orientation would mediate the effects of interpersonal relatedness and self-definition on life events. Self-criticism, a maladaptive form of self-definition, predicted less positive events, whereas efficacy, an adaptive form of self-definition, predicted more positive events. These effects were fully mediated by the absence and presence, respectively, of autonomous motivation. Controlled motivation, predicted by self-criticism and maladaptive neediness, did not predict negative events. Results illustrate the centrality of protective, pleasure-related processes in adaptive adolescent development.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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