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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2003 May 30;1648(1-2):127-33.

Support vector machines for predicting rRNA-, RNA-, and DNA-binding proteins from amino acid sequence.

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Shanghai Research Center of Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China.


Classification of gene function remains one of the most important and demanding tasks in the post-genome era. Most of the current predictive computer methods rely on comparing features that are essentially linear to the protein sequence. However, features of a protein nonlinear to the sequence may also be predictive to its function. Machine learning methods, for instance the Support Vector Machines (SVMs), are particularly suitable for exploiting such features. In this work we introduce SVM and the pseudo-amino acid composition, a collection of nonlinear features extractable from protein sequence, to the field of protein function prediction. We have developed prototype SVMs for binary classification of rRNA-, RNA-, and DNA-binding proteins. Using a protein's amino acid composition and limited range correlation of hydrophobicity and solvent accessible surface area as input, each of the SVMs predicts whether the protein belongs to one of the three classes. In self-consistency and cross-validation tests, which measures the success of learning and prediction, respectively, the rRNA-binding SVM has consistently achieved >95% accuracy. The RNA- and DNA-binding SVMs demonstrate more diverse accuracy, ranging from approximately 76% to approximately 97%. Analysis of the test results suggests the directions of improving the SVMs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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