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Int Immunopharmacol. 2003 May;3(5):643-55.

Anti-tumor immune response induced by the fractions derived from OK-432, a streptococcal preparation, by using a monoclonal antibody TS-2 that neutralizes the interferon-gamma-inducing activity of OK-432: comparison between the TS-2-binding and TS-2-unbinding fraction.

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Second Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tokushima University School of Dentistry, 3-18-15 Kuramoto-cho, Tokushima 7708504, Japan.


We have previously isolated a lipoteichoic acid (LTA)-related molecule (OK-PSA) from OK-432, a streptococcal agent, by affinity chromatography on a CNBr-activated Sepharose 4B bound TS-2 monoclonal antibody (mAb) that neutralizes the interferon (IFN)-gamma-inducing activity of OK-432. In the current study, we compared the cytokine-inducing and anti-tumor activities of OK-PSA, a TS-2-binding fraction, with those of OK-PTF, a TS-2-unbinding fraction, in order to determine the efficacy of OK-PSA for clinical use in affinity chromatography using TS-2. In the in vitro experiments using human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), OK-PSA markedly induced Th1-type cytokines, while interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-10, Th2-type cytokines, were induced by OK-PTF. Th1-cytokine induction by OK-PTF was not dose-dependent and was suppressed when PBMCs were treated with a high concentration of OK-PTF. In a mouse model, Th1 cytokines were also induced by OK-PSA and Th2 cytokines were induced by OK-PTF. Th2 cytokine-inducing activity of OK-PTF was accelerated in tumor-bearing mice relative to that in healthy mice. Although the anti-tumor effect of OK-PTF was statistically significant, it was much weaker than that of OK-PSA. A significant difference between the anti-tumor effect of OK-PSA and that of OK-PTF was observed (P<0.05). Finally, OK-PSA elicited its cytokine-inducing effect via Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4, whereas OK-PTF-induced signaling was mediated by both TLR2 and TLR4. These findings strongly suggested that the affinity chromatography using TS-2 is a useful strategy to separate the effective component for cancer therapy (OK-PSA) from other components.

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