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Dig Dis Sci. 2003 Mar;48(3):449-58.

Vascular involvement in pancreatic neoplasm: a comparison between spiral CT and DSA.

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Department of Diagnostic Imaging and Interventional Radiology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Vale Oxford, 81-00133 Rome, Italy.


The principal criterion for resectability of pancreatic carcinoma is the assessment of vascular involvement. In a prospective evaluation the ability of Spiral CT Angiography (CTA) to detect vascular involvement in 50 patients with pancreatic carcinoma, was proved; DSA was performed later in all patients. In 20 patients, without vascular involvement, a complete concordance was obtained. Of 30 patients with vascular involvement, there was complete concordance between CTA and angiography in 22 patients and discordance in 8 patients. CTA was superior in 2 cases with periadventitial infiltration and in 5 patients with splenoportal confluence thrombosis. DSA was superior in 1 case with infiltration of the superior mesenteric vein. After surgical evaluation, sensitivity of CTA and DSA was 97% and 77%, respectively, and the negative predictive values were 95% and 74%. As compared to DSA, CTA is more rapid and less invasive and can be considered the modality of choice for preoperative work-up of pancreatic neoplasm.

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